Selenium HTML Launcher (selenium_html.jar)

The Selenium HTML launcher allows interfacing with Selenium HTML tests.
It has been tested with Selenium 1.0.


Configuration

The selenium_html.xml file is just a template and must NOT be edited. It's used by the system to build dynamically the form that the user will be able to fill in from the GUI when creating a custom execution configuration.


Parameter Description
General
Test root path This must indicate where are located all the Selenium HTML tests.
This is a root path. Each test in XStudio has a canonical path that will be appended to this path.
This path MUST not include an ending slash.

Default value is: C:/tests/Selenium/html
Selenium - HTML
Java install path This must indicate the path to the java install.

Default value is: C:/Program Files/Java/jdk1.6.0_06
Server JAR path This must indicate the path to the Selenium Remote Control Server.

Default value is: C:/Program Files/Selenium-1.0/selenium-remote-control-1.0.1/selenium-server-1.0.1/selenium-server.jar
Server options This may indicate optional arguments to pass to the Selenium Remote Control Server.

Default value is: -singleWindow -trustAllSSLCertificates
Browser This must indicate which browser to use to run the tests. Plese refer to Selenium documentation to know which string to use (as of Today it can be also firefox or chrome).

Default value is: iehta
Domain URL This must indicate the URL of the web site under testing.

Default value is: https://www.xqual.com
Attachments
Additional attachments path This must indicate where Selenium save its attachments (so that the launcher can upload them in XStudio too).

WARNING: this folder will be automatically deleted by the launcher after each execution!
It MUST contain only temporary data that you want to be automatically uploaded.
DO NOT POINT TO A WORKING DIRECTORY THAT CONTAINS TESTS OR ANY OTHER DATA YOU NEED TO BE PERSISTANT!

Default value is: C:/tests/Selenium/attachments


These values can be changed while creating the campaign session from XStudio.


Note about file path parameters:

Any parameter referring to a file or folder path (for instance Test root path) can be provided either using \ separator (if the tests are going to be executed on a Windows agent) or / separator (if the tests are going to be executed on a linux or MacOSX agent).

On windows, if you provide a path containing a, OS-localizable folder such as C:\Program Files, always prefer the English version (i.e. NOT C:\Programmes if you're using a french-localized Windows) or the corresponding native environment variable (i.e. %PROGRAMFILES%).




Process

The tests are executed by the launcher using this syntax:


"<javaInstallPath>/bin/java.exe" -jar "<seleniumServerJarPath>" <seleniumServerOptions>
-htmlSuite "*<browser>" "<domainUrl>" "<testRootPath>/<testPath>/<testName>.html"
"selenium_server_report.html" -log "selenium_server_traces.txt"


And this is executed from the working directory <testRootPath>


The test will be marked as passed or failed depending on the report and traces generated by Selenium. The report and the execution traces are also attached to the testcase execution in XStudio.

Tutorial: Creating and executing Selenium HTML tests

In this tutorial, we will learn to run some Selenium HTML test scripts.


Prerequisites

Install Selenium 1.0 in the folder C:\\Externals\\Selenium-1.0


Create a file C:\\tests\\selenium\\html\\example\\basic_test.html and edit it with the following content:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" 
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
  <head profile="http://selenium-ide.openqa.org/profiles/test-case">
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
    <link rel="selenium.base" href="https://www.xqual.com/" />
    <title>basic_test
    </title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <table cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" border="1">
      <thead>
        <tr>
          <td rowspan="1" colspan="3">basic_test</td>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        <tr><td>open</td><td>/</td><td></td></tr>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  </body>
</html>

Create a dedicated category for Selenium HTML tests and create a test

  • create a category Selenium HTML associated to the launcher selenium_html.jar
  • under this category, create (somewhere in the tree) a test with name basic_test and with a canonical path set to example.



Creating a test campaign

  • create a campaign including only the test basic_test
  • create a campaign session specifying in the configuration:
    • Test root path: C:/tests/selenium/html.
    • Java install path: C:/Program Files/Java/jdk1.6.0_06
    • Server Jar Path:
      C:/Externals/Selenium-1.0/selenium-remote-control-1.0.1/selenium-server-1.0.1/selenium-server.jar
    • Browser: iehta
    • Domain URL: https://www.xqual.com



Run a campaign session

Run the campaign session



Permissions

WARNING: if you're running your tests on Windows, it may be required to run the tests as administrator.
Having an account with Administrators permissions may even not be enough in some cases (especially if you're using Windows 10) and you may need to disable completely the UAC (User Access Control) on your computer.

To do so:
  • Press the Windows + R key combination
  • Type in regedit
  • Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System
  • In the right-side pane, look for EnableLUA and set the value 0
  • Close the registry editor
  • Restart your computer



Debug

If your tests are not executed correctly or are reporting only failures, this is very likely because your configuration is incorrect or because you used a wrong naming convention for your tests and test cases.


The best way to quickly find out what's wrong is to look at the traces generated by XStudio (or XAgent).
The traces always include the detailed description of what the launcher performs (command line execution, script execution, API calling etc.) to run a test case. So, if you experiment some problems, the first thing to do is to activate the traces and look at what's happening when you run your tests.


Then, try to execute manually in a cmd box the exact same commands.
This will normally fail the same way.
At this point, you needs to figure out what has to be changed in these commands in order to have them run properly.

When you have something working, compare these commands to what's described in the Process chapter above. This will tell you exactly what you need to change.


Most of the time, this is related to:
  • some incorrect values in some parameters of your configuration,
  • the name of your tests,
  • the name of your test cases,
  • the canonical path of your tests